On multiple epistemologies of secularism: Toward a political economy critique
The chapter has three main parts, the first of which sets out with the introduction of a dyadic category of secularism questioning the dominant paradigm that views secularism as a Western cognitive type. The category in question is built up for a different paradigm by a political economy approach that analyzes the emergence of liberal capitalist world-economy, and the due institutional, political, and social processes. The second part contextualizes secularism in the parameters of neoliberal global capitalist world-economy and its postmodern, neoconservative political hegemony to offer a different context and to extend the previous historical analysis of the political economy of secularism to the contemporary phase. The third part traces the imperial logos critiqued by the Western left, and the (even unconsciously attended) misgivings of Western intellectualism due to an inherent Orientalism when it comes to the treatment of secularism in the Other. The third part also lays bare the particular necessities of the terrain on which the intellectuals in the periphery have to operate. All in all, the chapter seeks to uproot the persistent understandings of secularism and draw attention to the roots of secularism in political economy. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020.