Latest results and prospects of the CERN Axion Solar Telescope
Barth, Kurt L.
Belov, Alexander S.
Brauninger, Heinrich W.
Çetin, Serkant Ali
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CitationIrastorza, G., Aune, S., Barth, K. L., Belov, A. S., Borghi, S., Brauninger, H. W. ... Zioutas, K. (2011). Latest results and prospects of the CERN Axion Solar Telescope. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 309 (1), 1-7. https://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/309/1/012001
The CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) experiment searches for axions from the Sun converted into few keV photons via the inverse Primakoff effect in the high magnetic field of a superconducting Large Hadron Collider (LHC) decommissioned test magnet. After results obtained with vacuum in the magnet pipes (phase I of the experiment) as well as with 4He the collaboration is now immersed in the data taking with 3He, to be finished in 2011. The status of the experiment will be presented, including a preliminary exclusion plot of the first 3He data. CAST is currently sensitive to realistic QCD axion models at the sub-eV scale, and with axion-photon couplings down to the ∼ 2 × 10-10 GeV -1, compatible with solar life limits. Future plans include revisiting vaccuum and 4He configurations with improved sensitivity, as well as possible additional search for non-standard signals from chamaleons, paraphotons or other WISPs. For the longer term, we study the feasibility of an altogether improved version of the axion helioscope concept, with a jump in sensitivity of about one order of magnitude in gaγ beyond CAST.