Search for sub-ev mass solar axions by the cern axion solar telescope with he-3 buffer gas
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CitationARIK, M., AUNE, S., BARTH, K., BELOV, A., BORGHI, S., BRAUNINGER, H., CAST Collaboration. (2011). Search for sub-ev mass solar axions by the cern axion solar telescope with he-3 buffer gas. Physical Review Letters. 107 (26), 5p. https://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.261302.
The CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) has extended its search for solar axions by using He-3 as a buffer gas. At T = 1.8 K this allows for larger pressure settings and hence sensitivity to higher axion masses than our previous measurements with He-4. With about 1 h of data taking at each of 252 different pressure settings we have scanned the axion mass range 0.39 eV less than or similar to m(a) less than or similar to 0.64 eV. From the absence of excess x rays when the magnet was pointing to the Sun we set a typical upper limit on the axion-photon coupling of g(a gamma) less than or similar to 2.3 X 10(-10) GeV-1 at 95% C.L., the exact value depending on the pressure setting. Kim-Shifman-Vainshtein-Zakharov axions are excluded at the upper end of our mass range, the first time ever for any solar axion search. In the future we will extend our search to m(a) less than or similar to 1.15 eV, comfortably overlapping with cosmological hot dark matter bounds.