Numerical investigations of and path loss predictions for surface wave propagation over sea paths including hilly island transitions
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KünyeAPAYDIN, G., SEVGİ, L. (2010). Numerical investigations of and path loss predictions for surface wave propagation over sea paths including hilly island transitions. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 58 (4), pp. 1302-1314. https://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2010.2041169.
Surface wave propagation along multi-mixed-paths with irregular terrain over spherical Earth in two-dimension (2D) is discussed. For the first time in the literature, sea-land-sea (island) transition problem including non-flat (hilly) islands is investigated systematically. A finite element method based multi-mixed path surface wave virtual propagation predictor tool FEMIX is developed for this purpose. FEMIX, tested and calibrated against analytical ray-mode reference models accommodated with the Millington curve fitting approaches, is shown to be capable of modeling propagation along sea surface having multiple hilly islands over MF (300 kHz-3 MHz) and HF (3-30 MHz) bands.