Mode choice behavior modeling of ground access to airports: A case study in Istanbul, Turkey
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KünyeGokasar, I., Gunay, G. (2017). Mode choice behavior modeling of ground access to airports: A case study in Istanbul, Turkey. Journal of Air Transport Management, 59, 1-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jairtraman.2016.11.003
The increase in air transportation mode share, thereby the passenger traffic at airports has made the ground access to the airports more important in recent years. The aim of this study is to analyze the ground access mode choice to airports by using Multinomial Logit (MNL). In particular, our focus is on how transit areas of influence affect the mode choice for travelling to airports. Ataturk International Airport (IST) in Istanbul, Turkey was selected for the analyses and the investigated modes to access IST were automobile, drop-off, public transit, and taxi. The results showed that significant factors and variables included the trip distance to access IST, type of destination, trip cost to IST, automobile ownership status, employment status, travelling group size, location of the trip origin with respect to public transit influence, and time difference between the flight time and departure time to IST. It is also concluded that if the trip origin to IST was inside the influence areas of public transit, then public transit would be more likely to be chosen over other modes for accessing IST.