A first-order fully cascadable current-mode universal filter composed of dual output CCIIs and a grounded capacitor
CitationYüce, E., Minaei, S. (2016). A first-order fully cascadable current-mode universal filter composed of dual output CCIIs and a grounded capacitor. Journal of Circuits, Systems and Computers, 25(5). https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218126616500420
In this paper, a new first-order current-mode (CM) universal filter employing two dual output second-generation current conveyors (DO-CCIIs), one resistor and a grounded capacitor is proposed. The proposed filter has low input and high output impedances; thus, it can be easily connected with other CM circuits. It can simultaneously realize first-order low-pass (LP) and all-pass (AP) responses and can provide high-pass (HP) response with interconnection of LP and AP responses. It can be tuned electronically by replacing with dual output second-generation current controlled conveyors (DO-CCCIIs) instead of DO-CCIIs and removing the resistor. It has only a resistor but no capacitor connected in series to X terminal of DO-CCII; accordingly, it can be operated at high frequencies. Also, it does not need any critical passive component matching conditions and cancellation constraints. A number of simulation results based on SPICE program are included to exhibit performance, workability and effectiveness of the proposed filter configuration.