Validation, verification and calibration in applied computational electromagnetics
KünyeApaydın, G., & Sevgi, L. (2010). Validation, verification and calibration in applied computational electromagnetics. Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal, 25(12), 1026-1035.
Model validation, data verification, and code calibration (VV&C) in applied computational electromagnetics is discussed. The step by step VV&C procedure is given systematically through canonical scenarios and examples. Propagation over flat-Earth with linearly decreasing vertical refractivity profile, having an analytical exact solution, is taken into account as the real-life problem. The parabolic wave equation (PWE) is considered as the mathematical model. MatLab-based numerical simulators for both the split step Fourier and finite element implementations of the PWE are developed. The simulators are calibrated against analytical exact and high frequency asymptotic solutions. Problems related to the generation of reference data during accurate numerical computations are presented.