Negative impedance inverter and all-pass filter realizations using adder and subtractor blocks
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KünyeMinaei, S., Yıldız, M., Göknar, İ. C., & Yüce, E. (2014). Negative impedance inverter and all-pass filter realizations using adder and subtractor blocks. In IEEE Staff (eds.), 2014 IEEE 57th International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS), (pp. 567-570). Piscataway, NJ: IEEE. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MWSCAS.2014.6908478
In this paper, using newly introduced analog adder and subtractor circuits, a new negative impedance converter, a lossy inductor simulator and an all-pass filter structure are presented. The proposed configurations have very simple structures containing only one or two adder/subtractor blocks together also with one or two passive elements. All capacitors used are grounded which is beneficial from the integrated circuit point of view and absorption of parasitic capacitors of the active blocks. The non-ideal analyses for all of the proposed circuits are given. Design examples for realizing 10 mH inductances are presented and tested with SPICE. The simulations are based on level 49 TSMC 0.25 mu m process parameters. The designed inductances show good performance between a few ten kHz to a few MHz. In addition inverting and non-inverting all-pass filter examples providing 90 degree phase shift at 790 kHz are given. The presented all-pass filters have high-input and low-output impedances resulting in easy cascadability. Frequency responses of the proposed all-pass filters are simulated to verify the theoretical analysis.