The course of habituation of the proboscis extension reflex can be predicted by sucrose responsiveness in Drosophila
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KünyeÇEVİK, M.Ö., ERDEN, A. (2012). The course of habituation of the proboscis extension reflex can be predicted by sucrose responsiveness in Drosophila. Plos One, 7 (6), 14p. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039863.
The proboscis extension reflex (PER) is triggered when insects' gustatory receptors contact appetitive stimuli, so it provides a behavioral readout for perceptual encoding of tastants. Research on the experience dependent modulation of PER in Drosophila has been hindered by the difficulty of obtaining reliable measures of memory-driven change in PER probability in the background of larger changes induced by physiological state. In this study, we showed that the course of PER habituation can be predicted by the degree of sucrose responsiveness in Drosophila. We assessed early response parameters, including the number of proboscis extensions and labellar movements in the first five trials, the trial to start responding, and the trial to make the first stop to quantify responsiveness, which predicted the upcoming pattern of both the short-term and 1 hour memory of PER habituation for individual flies. The cAMP signaling pathway mutant rutabaga displayed deficits in attunement of perceptual salience of sucrose to physiological demands and stimulus-driven sensitization.