The effect of cultural orientation and leadership style on self - versus other - oriented organizational citizenship behaviour in Turkey and the Netherlands
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KünyeERSOY, N.C., BORN, M.P., DEROUS, E., HENK, T.M. (2012). The effect of cultural orientation and leadership style on self - versus other - oriented organizational citizenship behaviour in Turkey and the Netherlands. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 15 (4), pp. 249-260. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-839X.2012.01380.x.
This paper investigated the effects of a paternalistic and empowering leadership style on organizational citizenship behaviour (OCB) in an experimental design using 100 Turkish and 100 Dutch students who held part-time jobs. Confirming our expectations, a paternalistic leadership style had a more positive effect on job dedication and organizational support in Turkey than in the Netherlands. Contradicting our expectations, an empowering leadership style did not have a more positive effect on any of the OCB dimensions in the Netherlands than it did in Turkey. However, in the Netherlands an empowering leadership style had a stronger effect on interpersonal facilitation, job dedication, and organizational support than a paternalistic leadership style. Paternalistic and empowering leadership styles both had positive effects on OCB dimensions in Turkey. As expected, collectivism moderated the relationship between paternalistic leadership style and other oriented OCB (i.e., interpersonal facilitation). Specifically, people who had more collectivistic tendencies were more positively influenced by a paternalistic leader than people who had low collectivistic tendencies in both countries. However, individualism did not have any moderating effects on the relationship between empowering leadership style and self-oriented OCB (i.e., job dedication). Our findings are relevant for understanding the effects of leadership styles and cultural orientations on self- versus other-oriented OCB in Turkey and the Netherlands.