Turkish children's bender - gestalt test performance: differences in public and private school children
KünyeÖZER, S. (2011). Turkish children's bender - gestalt test performance: differences in public and private school children. Psychological Reports, 108 (1), pp. 169-181. http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/03.11.17.24.PR0.108.1.169-181.
The present study was undertaken to provide data on the Bender-Gestalt test for children aged 5 toll in Turkey. Although it is well documented that sociocultural factors are important in cognitive evaluations, the effects of type of school and differing educational opportunities provided by these schools on the Bender-Gestalt test have not been previously investigated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of age, sex, and school type on Bender-Gestalt performance. The test was individually administered to 484 children between the ages of 5 and 11 years. The children were enrolled in either public or private schools. Koppitz's Developmental Scoring System was utilized. The results indicated that older children performed with fewer errors. Girls performed with fewer errors than boys. Finally, as expected, private school children outperformed their public school peers. The results are discussed with respect to the importance of taking into account various educational factors in utilizing commonly used tests.